MedX reduces the friction of traditional equipment from 30% to 0 and 5% friction. This makes a big difference in the ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ phases of resistance–when you push the weight up, and when you let it back down again.  If you had 100 pounds on a machine with 2% friction, you would be pushing 102 pounds during the positive phase of the movement and resisting 98 pounds during the negative phase. This is a four pound difference between pushing the weight up and letting it down. On traditional equipment, with 30% friction, that 100 pounds turns into you having to push 130 pounds during the positive phase and resisting 70 pounds during the negative phase, for a total difference of 60 pounds. That gives your muscles plenty of time to recover on the downswing, which severely impacts your ability to properly stimulate your muscles.
The success of healthcare reform to meet the goals of Triple Aim relies in large part on the capacity for learning and behavior change at both the individual level and the system level. With that in mind, all topics presented at MEDX Regional Conferences are designed within the framework of the NQS priorities outlined by the US Department of Health and Human Services.
Brian is dedicated to keeping his knowledge and skills to the highest standard. Since completing his doctorate program, he has regularly attended courses across the country to expand his understanding of examination and therapeutic intervention. Brian has earned certifications in the Mulligan Concept of manual therapy (CMP) and in the McKenzie Method of Mechanical Diagnosis & Therapy (Cert. MDT). He is a certified athletic trainer (ATC) who continues to regularly work with college and high school athletes. He also stays regularly involved in the Nampa Chamber of Commerce as he serves as a Chamber Ambassador to improve business in the Nampa area.
Assess the health of your revenue cycle and better understand payor behaviors using myClaimAnalytics. Developed in collaboration with leading healthcare providers, myClaimAnalytics provides detailed financial and operational performance metrics in real time via a cloud-based analytics engine. myClaimAnalytics is a standalone automated intelligence environment; no need for a lengthy and risk-prone integration process with your hospital’s practice management or accounting systems.

Transporting work comp patients to and from medical visits, PT, IMEs, hearings and the like is a big business – big for worker’s comp that is. At first blush, it looks like a perfect opportunity for Lyft and Uber (L/U)- they’ve got a gazillion drivers everywhere, a great service model, and they are much less expensive than the traditional work comp transportation services. In fact, […]

Muscle Spasms or tension • Fibromyalgia and Neuralgia • Orthopedic implants • Decreased circulation of lower limbs • Facial pain • Lower back pain • Herpes Simplex and Herpes Zoster (Shingles) • Carpel Tunnel Syndrome – Hand • Whiplash neck injuries • Migraine headaches • TMJ of Jaw – Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction • Rotator Cuff Syndrome • Spinal disc herniation • Compression fractures • Post operative knee and hip rehabilitation • Ankle sprains • Cosmetic facial contouring, scars and keloid repair


Jones is a white nationalist and Holocaust denier.[3][4][15][10] His 2018 candidate website calls the Holocaust a "racket." He has claimed that the Holocaust was "the biggest, blackest lie in history"[13] and "nothing more than an international extortion racket by the Jews."[9][16] Jones does not support interracial marriage or integration in public schools.[13] In 1993, Jones was filmed in a fight with Milwaukee Alderman Michael McGee Jr. on The Jerry Springer Show.[17]

A North Dakota native, Chris attended the University of North Dakota, where he graduated with a Bachelor’s of Science in Physical Therapy as well as a Master’s degree in Physical Therapy in 1998, receiving Summa Cum Laude honors.  He has been practicing as an outpatient orthopedic physical therapist in since that time.  Chris is a master clinician in his field, and was certified as a Board Certified Clinical Specialist in Orthopedic Physical Therapy (OCS), in 2013.  He also has been certified through the McKenzie Institute in mechanical diagnosis and therapy (Cert. MDT), and is a certified spinal manual therapist (CSMT), through International Spine & Pain Institute.  He has extensive experience with MedX Lumbar and Cervical evaluation and treatment technologies, as well as practicing an evidence-based approach with therapeutic exercise prescription in order to maximize successful patient outcomes.  He has been instrumental in the treatment of general orthopedics, sports medicine, and industrial rehabilitation for individuals of all ages throughout the Fargo/Moorhead region for over 20 years.
Medical Education Exchange (MEDX®) has a unique, modern approach to live CME, combining the use of engaging/interactive technology and aligning educational content to the National Quality Strategy (NQS) to create conferences that are distinctly impactful and practical for clinicians. Attendees are engaged like never before using iPads featuring the Array™ Learning System to view slides, take notes, participate in polling, pose questions to the faculty, and evaluate sessions – culminating in the most detailed outcomes data ever seen in the CME industry.
Dr. Friedman joined PDR in 2012. Prior to joining PDR she worked at Sister Kenny Rehabilitation Institute in their inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation centers. She earned her medical degree from Sackler School of Medicine in Tel Aviv, Israel in 2007; and completed her residency in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Nassau University Medical Center in East Meadow, NY in 2011. earned her medical degree from the Sackler School of Medicine in Tel Aviv, Israel and completed her residency at Nassau University Medical Center. Dr. Friedman is board certified in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and has interests in musculoskeletal rehabilitation, healthy living promotion, and preventative medicine. Dr. Friedman is a member of the American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.
The Chiropractors and Physical Therapist at Back to Basics Health and Wellness are proud to offer their patients the legendary MedX Medical Equipment for rehabilitation of the Cervical and Lumbar Spine.  MedX is recognized as the Gold Standard for treating and reducing chronic back pain and dysfunction through specific spinal strengthening.  Over the last 15 years, the Universities of Florida and San Diego, along with various orthopedic clinics around the world, have published some of the most compelling research to date.  This research shows that specific spinal strengthening exercises using thhe MedX Lumbar and Cervical Extension machines help get people better, even after multiple failed attempts at other forms of treatment.
Dr. Ahlenius joined PDR in 2010 after working at Sister Kenny Rehabilitation Institute in the areas of neck and back pain, spinal cord injury, and musculoskeletal injuries. He earned his medical degree from the University of California, Davis School of Medicine in 2002, and completed his residency in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio in 2006. Dr. Ahlenius is board certified in Physical Medicine & rehabilitation and has special interests in musculoskeletal spinal pathology, as well as spinal pain syndromes. Dr. Ahlenius is a member of the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the Association of Academic Physiatrists. He is also fluent in Spanish.
Ryan enjoys the interpersonal aspect of therapy and shows a genuine compassion for those he is treating. He believes therapy is not only treating the physical body but treating in a holistic manner (body, mind, spirit). When Ryan is not at the clinic he enjoys spending time with his wife and dog. His faith is his rock and the reason behind everything he does. He has a large passion for all sports and outdoor activities from hunting to a weekend at the lake. He is excited to be back in his hometown and give back to the community he cares so passionately about!
I needed to tell just one sentence and diagnosis was established and then also confirmed by imaging techniques. Neither the orthopedic specialist nor the radiologist I had visited before, had identified the herniated disc. They told me to do some sports and that surgery would not help. Immediately after the surgery in the ATOS clinic, my symptoms disappeared and I was also pain free. Absolute number 1 address for spinal disc problems.

Knowing that our staff like using their smartphones to communicate for work, I knew that I had to make sure that they were following HIPAA guidelines when doing so. We searched for apps that were providing this service and decided on MEDX to be our app to fulfill this need.  MEDX was chosen by our staff because of how easy it is to use and the features it contains. The staff was comfortable with the app because it was designed by professionals like themselves. As an administrator of the clinic, I felt comfortable with the admin portal and its permission controls. Further, being a multi unit practices with locations across Washington state, It has the ability to bridge our clinics together and communicate securely via the personal smartphone. This was an essential feature for our clinic. Overall, very impressive application, shores up a need, keeps our employees happy, and assures we are HIPAA-Compliant. Highly recommend MEDX as a mobile communication solution for healthcare.


On his adventurous road to fame and fortune, Jones learned to fly on ramshackle airfields throughout Oklahoma and matured into a fearless barnstorming pilot. Later, he operated airlines in Latin America, flew planes throughout Africa, and owned and operated an import/export enterprise specializing in capturing and transporting snakes and a variety of reptiles and exotic animals. He claimed he logged over 3,000 flight hours during one three-year period throughout 57 foreign countries.
We create a culture of health in which everyone is trusted and respected for the expertise they bring, where openness and experimentation is the norm, people have personal ownership of health, individual stories have a global impact, and the patient voice and choice is part of all stakeholder decisions. We call our way of seeing each other and the health care world, Everyone Included™.
Cindy and I found Greg easy to deal with. He was quick to respond to our questions and concerns befo...re our purchase. He went over and above. He installed our low back machine for us, showed us how to use it, gave us some helpful suggestions on our existing equipment AND, even helped us move a machine we wanted to move in another room. We will definitely use him again! Thank you Greg! See More
Following high school, Tyler attended the University of Mary in Bismarck, ND where he studied and competed on the track & field team as a long jumper and triple jumper. Tyler received his Bachelor’s Degree in Exercise Science in 2011 and went on to graduate as a Doctor of Physical Therapy in 2014 from the University of Mary. He learned of RehabAuthority during his 4th and final clinical rotation in PT school. While on this clinical he enjoyed the fun, energetic, and teamwork-centered atmosphere that he was surrounded by at RehabAuthority. It wasn’t long before he knew RehabAuthority would be a great fit for him. One week after graduation, he was hired and now works in the Eagle Road Clinic in Boise, ID.
Jones also promotes white nationalism. His website has a page called “Flags of Conflict,” where he calls the Confederate flag a “symbol of White pride and White resistance.” Next to a photo of the Mexican flag, the site says  “This is the flag of Mexico. This is a nation whose leaders believe they can reconquer the American Southwest, by flooding our country with millions of illegal aliens. And, their plan is working.” Text next to an LGBT rainbow flag says, “This is a flag that represents an attack on traditional Christian morality and religious freedom.”
Uses Allscripts (formerly Misys) Practice Management software.  Currently has 30 employees and does not outsource any of its operations to foreign countries.  Medx is a well established company with great depth of experience in many practice specialties.  Electronic claims submission.  Experienced in capitated, case rate, per diem,  and fee-for-service contracting.
Legends like John Grimek, Arnold, Sergio Oliva, and Steve Reeves made the pilgrimage to DeLand, Florida to meet Arthur, train on the Nautilus equipment and learn. Peary Rader, founder and publisher of IronMan, told me of a phenomenon reported by his readers: Upon receiving the magazine, subscribers would read the Nautilus advertisements first! They found more information in Arthur's advertisements than in the magazine articles.
As a Catastrophic Nurse Case Manager, I rely on Comp-X as my transportation company of choice because of their customer service. I was in a position where I needed transportation to the hospital for my 11 year-old niece who was diagnosed with a terminal grade IV tumor and Ashley Pepka, V.P. of Business Development, was quick to say “okay we can do this for you.” Comp-X is a company you can trust with your family’s care.
As with everything that we bring to our clients, the MedX line of equipment is backed by a whole battery of independent scientific research that speak to its efficacy in increasing strength and improving function and quality of life. Arthur Jones’ work was validated by independent research teams at the School of Medicine of the University of Florida and San Diego, and he spent fourteen years in development of his equipment. He was trying to do something very specific–he wanted to develop a way to specifically strengthen the lower back, as he was seeing lots of people in strength training dealing with lower back pain. In order to target and strengthen these muscles specifically, he developed a patented pelvic restraint system. It was found that many machines that purported to work the lower back were actually targeting and strengthening the hamstrings and gluteus muscles instead. The University of Florida conducted a controlled study that found that people who worked out on two different “Low Back Machines” for 12 weeks actually gained no strength at all in their lumbar extensor muscles, but instead got stronger in their hamstring and gluteus muscles.

MedX’s data recording and processing software allows operators to safely and accurately determine a patient’s physical limitations and show improvements in neck and back strength. The software calculates accurate range of motion and muscle strength at numerous joint positions by factoring out torso mass, stored energy, tissue compression and/or joint elasticity, and a lack of reasonable effort by the patient. Reports can be generated showing comparisons between age-matched and/or gender-matched norms. MedX’s computerized reports offer physicians, therapists, patients, and their insurance company’s accurate, quantifiable data to use in determining a patient’s level of disability at the beginning of treatment, and their degree of improvement at the end of treatment. Improvements in isolated neck and lower back strength have been shown by extensive research to correlate with increased improvements in quality of life and increased function.
There has been talk lately about the utilization of ride share apps such as Lyft and Uber. It is the opinion of Comp-X as well as colleagues in risk management and the legal community that these programs should be avoided at all costs. Although these apps have many short term advantages, they pose a risk to both the insurance carrier and the claimant. Below are […]

The MedX Lumbar and Cervical Extension Machines have been clinically proven to be extremely effective in the treatment of chronic back and neck pain. Before MedX was introduced to the medical community there was never an effective way to isolate and strengthen the muscles of the spine. These machines provide the medical community with the first tools capable of producing specific and accurate testing of functional spinal strength, and the additional capability of providing the best source of rehabilitative exercise.


Clayton was raised in a small town in western Colorado. He has four children, three boys and one girl, with his wonderful wife Amber. Clayton finished his undergraduate degree at Brigham Young University in 2008 and completed his Doctorate in Physical Therapy (DPT) at the University of Colorado in 2012. He is a member of the American Physical Therapy Association and serves at the Education Chair of the Idaho Physical Therapy Association. Clayton has been with RehabAuthority since 2016.
Brian was born and raised in the Salt Lake City, Utah area. After earning a bachelor’s degree in exercise science and athletic training from Southern Utah University, he completed his Doctorate of Physical Therapy (DPT) at Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions in 2014. Immediately after graduation, Brian joined the staff at RehabAuthority in Nampa and has been the Rehab Director since 2016.
As a Catastrophic Nurse Case Manager, I rely on Comp-X as my transportation company of choice because of their customer service. I was in a position where I needed transportation to the hospital for my 11 year-old niece who was diagnosed with a terminal grade IV tumor and Ashley Pepka, V.P. of Business Development, was quick to say “okay we can do this for you.” Comp-X is a company you can trust with your family’s care.
Have you ever wondered why old injuries flare up so easily? One wrong slip, twist or fall can quickly aggravate an old wound. Wouldn’t it be nice to expect the unexpected and be stronger than before? Wouldn’t it be nice to have the lifestyle you desire, knowing that your body will not only endure daily activities, but flourish? Well, you can, and a great place to start is by building strong core muscles that stabilize the spine and pelvis. We have some new state of the art equipment that will help you do just that.
Twenty years ago John Kelly, the owner of Austin Personal Training and New Orleans Fitness Trainers, had been living with chronic back pain for three years. Sitting was painful; he avoided long trips and going to the movies. Even at night school which would often last more than two hours he would stand the entire time. He did everything he could short of the recommended surgery to alleviate it; he walked, swam, stretched, and bought a new bed. About this time he began using the MedX Lumbar machine in a doctor's office twice a week and then once a week. Over several weeks his back finally became pain free. Studies show others have had similar results. For the last twenty years he has remained pain free except in rare times when he has strayed from a regime of regular exercise for his back. Others have had such profound improvement in the health of their lower back they have bought this $7000 piece of equipment for their home.
Provides resistance over a full range of isolated lumbar and cervical motion, or over a selected limited range. Isometric testing may occur every 3° within a patient’s range of motion MedX software plots a strength curve to compare the patient’s strength and range of motion to established norms. Stored energy can be assessed and factored out at each angle tested. Needs new software.
Following a full musculoskeletal assessment the physiotherapist will recommend an isometric spinal strength test, if appropriate. The spinal strength test involves being seated in the medical lumbar machine and having the lower half of your body immobilised by a pelvic and leg restraint mechanism. Restraining your lower body is one of the keys to the effectiveness of isolating the lumbar extensors so that they can be accurately strength tested and exercised.
Not to mention that racism is inherently anathema to minority votes. A critical rise in black turnout in Alabama’s Senate special election helped push Democrat Doug Jones over controversial Republican Roy Moore. One activist told the Atlantic that black voters were responding to “the resurgence of this white conservative overtly racist rhetoric.” Bad Republican candidates also depress Republican voting. In that Alabama election, thousands of voters — including many who supported Donald Trump in 2016 — simply didn’t show up.
Is an Insurance like USB port card that holds the details of the card owner + the phone of the person to urgently reach if there is a health issue. This card can have medical record store on it in 2 parts (A non protected part with generic health information and knowledge and a PIN code protected area with more advanced health information). This card can be purchased for different GB size.
Faith has always had a passion for helping people, so pursuing a career in physical therapy seemed like the perfect fit. Members of her immediate family have received a hip replacement and back surgery and attended physical therapy afterwards. She had developed a strong interest in the RehabAuthority Clinic specifically while was a student along with her brother receiving physical therapy for back pain from a local RehabAuthority Clinic. After seeing the success and progress her brother had made from therapy, she started to develop a passion for RehabAuthority’s core values and their emphasis on excellent patient care.
Faith attended Northland Community and Technical College in East Grand Forks for the Physical Therapist Assistant Program and graduating in May of 2018. Faith’s last clinical rotation as a student was at RehabAuthority in Thief River Falls and was offered a position shortly after graduation. Faith’s competitive nature has matched well with RehabAuthority core value “pleased but never satisfied”.   She has learned a lot in the world of physical therapy with the help of colleagues and mentors, and is eager to grow as a clinician and never stop learning at RehabAuthority.
Chronic lower back pain transforms a formerly active individual into a person who experiences difficulty standing, walking and sitting — chronic lower back pain can even influence emotions and outlook. If you’re tired of doing exercises and visiting doctors to no avail, get in touch with EIF. With one-on-one training using our MedX Lumbar Extension machine, you
Greg was raised in Price, UT. He completed his undergraduate degree in human biology at BYU-Provo in 1997 and his doctor of physical therapy degree (DPT) from Creighton University in Omaha, NE in 2000. Greg and his wife, Viki, are the proud parents of 7 children and finds that with what free time they have is spent exploring Eastern Idaho together as a family.
The MedX line also includes the Cervical Extension, Rotary Neck and Rotary Torso, and Knee/Hamstring machines, which are used to produce specific and accurate tests of functional ability and as a tool in rehabilitative exercise. In addition to the medical exercise equipment that we are adding to the studio, MedX also offers a line of exercise machines which we have utilized since we opened in 2001, which incorporate their patented compound weight stack which produces less friction and enables several hundred levels of available resistance in increments of 2ft-lbs.
Lindsay joined PDR in 2012. Prior to PDR, she held positions at Advanced Spina Associates, PA, and Twin Cities Spine Center. Her duties included assisting in spinal surgical procedures, and providing pre and post-surgical education and assessments. Lindsay earned her Master of Medical Science degree from the Physician Assistant Program at the University of St. Francis in Albuquerque, New Mexico in 2004. Her interests include injury/illness prevention, non-surgical and post-surgical management of spinal conditions, and wellness and health promotion. Lindsay is a memeber of the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants, the American Academy of Physician Assistants and the Minnesota Academy of Physician Assistants.
All along the journey of reassuring and facilitating the customer in need-of or using healthcare services, MEDx care ensures and facilitates access to encrypted, cloud based medical records that can be shared at anytime and from anywhere. This service offers Care Providers in various fields to create their profiles visible to millions Care Seekers and/or Travellers.
Arthur Jones is the legendary founder of Nautilus. In 1986, he founded MedX to perfect the testing of human strength, endurance and range of motion. After years of development and testing, validated by independent research teams at the University of Florida, MedX perfected its medical Lumbar Extension machine. It has since helped tens of thousands of people around the world reduce or eliminate their back pain.

MedX manufactures, markets and distributes medical rehabilitation and isolated strengthening equipment to the medical and rehabilitation markets. MedX is credited for pioneering Medical Strengthening Technology, which combines functional testing and isolated resistance strengthening; features necessary to restore and enhance health by effectively treating chronic neck and back pain. MedX holds more than 30 patents and 75 peer-reviewed medical journal articles that have been published over the past 30 years confirming MedX's ability to significantly decrease chronic spine-related pain issues, restore spinal function, improve quality of life and independence, and decrease or eliminate the need for ongoing spinal care or pain management even after multiple failed attempts at other forms of treatment.


Stanford Medicine X is a multifaceted program that represents a new way of solving health care’s most pressing problems. Sown in the fertile soil of Stanford University’s rich academic resources; germinated at the grassroots level by passionate, imaginative people; nurtured in the high-energy, risk-taking environment of Silicon Valley, Medicine X is an innovative way of re-imagining digital health, medical education, clinical research, new health care venture formation, and more.
Amber is starting a family in October 2018. In her spare time, she enjoys spending time with family and friends, dancing, physical fitness, lake life, fishing, and loves the opportunity for a new adventure. She is excited to begin her career as a Physical Therapist Assistant at RehabAuthority. She truly enjoys working with orthopedic injuries and is excited to grow as a clinician with help from her colleagues.
Jones has unsuccessfully run for office in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and in the Chicago area since the 1970s. He ran for Milwaukee mayor in 1976. In 1987, he ran for 13th Ward alderman on Chicago’s southwest side. He has run in the 3rd Congressional District primary seven times between the 1990s and 2016. He has never even come close to winning, but this time he’s the only Republican on the ballot.
The MedX cervical extension machine is similar to the MedX lumbar machine in that it isolates the deep musculature that normally stabilizes the cervical spine. Because the cervical spine must support the weight of the head, weakness in this area often leads to chronic neck pain and headaches especially those headaches that start at the base of the skull and radiate around the front of the head and are often felt behind the eyes. MedX rehabilitation is so effective because it truly isolates and strengthens specific areas of the cervical spine. By training specific movements and not allowing abnormal compensations the patient not only regains needed strength, but also learns to move their spine properly again.
Rehabilitation providers worldwide have experienced outstanding outcomes using the MedX Lumbar and Cervical Extension Machines. This is attributed to medical evidence that shows that the majority of patients with chronic spinal pain are significantly “deconditioned”. Weakness of the musculature of the spine can lead to many conditions such as herniated discs, facet syndrome, and degenerative joint disease. A strong spine provides a strong foundation that allows for healthy spaces between the vertebrae, which helps prevent spinal compression.”
We create a culture of health in which everyone is trusted and respected for the expertise they bring, where openness and experimentation is the norm, people have personal ownership of health, individual stories have a global impact, and the patient voice and choice is part of all stakeholder decisions. We call our way of seeing each other and the health care world, Everyone Included™.

MEDEX provides effective Workers' Compensation cost containment services for California employers and claims administrators. Our programs have proven to drastically reduce Workers' Compensation related high costs for our employer clients, while offering a simplified resolution to the often complicated process. Most importantly, MEDEX will allow the employer maximum control with our customized programs.
Med-X Global provides international revenue cycle consulting, managed-care contract negotiations and third-party claims adjudication of emergency medical claims to highly accredited hospitals in the foreign marketplace. We also serve the ancillary emergency medical provider community to include air and ground ambulance entities as well as premier urgent care centers and physician administered emergency sites.
MedX reduces the friction of traditional equipment from 30% to 0 and 5% friction. This makes a big difference in the ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ phases of resistance–when you push the weight up, and when you let it back down again.  If you had 100 pounds on a machine with 2% friction, you would be pushing 102 pounds during the positive phase of the movement and resisting 98 pounds during the negative phase. This is a four pound difference between pushing the weight up and letting it down. On traditional equipment, with 30% friction, that 100 pounds turns into you having to push 130 pounds during the positive phase and resisting 70 pounds during the negative phase, for a total difference of 60 pounds. That gives your muscles plenty of time to recover on the downswing, which severely impacts your ability to properly stimulate your muscles.

MedX is the only equipment company with a short one foot weight stroke. Most companies’ weight stroke is two or more feet. What that means is that the weight stack movement of only one foot on a full-range repetition is safer and smoother than the competition with a longer weight stroke. Another reason the shorter weight stroke is important is that if you have 120 pounds on the one foot weight stroke machine, then that means you are moving 120 pounds. On the other hand, if you have 120 pounds on a two foot weight stroke machine, then you are really lifting about 240 pounds depending on the machine. That also means that if you increase the weight by two pounds on a one foot machine, you really are increasing it by two pounds, whereas on a two foot machine you are raising it by five pounds which equates to a 10 pound increase.
Still, Jones’ nomination has been an enormous embarrassment to the party — and to state party Chairman Tim Schneider — for months. When Schneider was faced with a formidable challenge to his chairmanship in May, some Republicans — including state Rep. Jeanne Ives, who ran unsuccessfully against Rauner in the primary — cited Jones’ candidacy as a reason to break from Schneider’s leadership. Schneider ended up surviving his challenge by bringing on his challenger as a co-chairman.
×