Ryan Buchholz is a full-time physical therapist who started at RehabAuthority in June. He is a Doctor of Physical Therapy and received his degree from his hometown at the University of Mary in Bismarck, ND in April of 2016. He decided to pursue PT when he was injured his senior year of track and was brought through rehabilitation by his soccer coach.
Ben grew up in the small town of Argyle in rural northwestern Minnesota. Ben was raised on a family farm by his father, a farmer, and his mother, a teacher, who instilled the importance of education and a great work ethic. He still has a strong thirst for knowledge in all subjects, especially towards solving back and neck problems, and uses his example of work ethic to motivate his patients to reach their highest potential.
Dwayne Wimmer founded Vertex Fitness Personal Training Studio in 2001, excited to bring a new concept about personal training to the people of Philadelphia’s Main Line in Pennsylvania. Driven by knowledge and results both, while a strength coach at Villanova University, he worked closely with world class athletes such as Brian Westbrook, formerly of the Philadelphia Eagles, on strength training and conditioning for optimal performance. Dwayne’s client base extends much further than world class athletes. Along with athletes, he works with adolescents to seniors, and he’s a highly acclaimed and sought out personal trainer who has received numerous awards, such as Best of the Main Line Personal Training Studio and Best Main Line Personal Trainer. Through efforts and a driving passion to bring the “professional” to the fitness industry, Dwayne co-founded the Fitness Leaders Alliance in 2013, which is an organization dedicated to the training of more highly qualified personal trainers. Its focus is on ethical business practices, scientifically proven methods, and the realization that continuous learning is important in the fitness industry. A graduate of Missouri Western State University, Dwayne has a Bachelor of Science degree in Physical Education, with an emphasis in Coaching. Aside from personal training, he’s spent time as a physical education teacher, strength and conditioning coach, and a football coach, but has found his passion and home in the fitness industry, inspiring and reaching out to others. As a strong believer in continuing to learn, Dwayne has also taken classes at East Stroudsburg University toward a Masters Degree in Sports Management. Since June of 2013, Dwayne has co-hosted the podcast, “The Fitness Professional Show.” This provides a wonderful platform to help with his goals of creating a more professional fitness industry. And now, he can add author to his list of accomplishments, having created a chapter in the upcoming book The Soul of Success with Jack Canfield, renowned for the Chicken Soup series. To get to the point where he is now, Dwayne has always been thankful for the support of his father, a man who always believed in his mission and saw the need for what it was that Dwayne envisioned. During his free time, Dwayne is an avid motorcyclist who enjoys viewing the amazing landscapes and finding good restaurants to enjoy that are off the beaten path. He also takes advantage of opportunities to travel and experience many other cities while attending fitness seminars and giving presentations about the industry he is so passionate about. As a way to give back to the community that has been a part of his entire life, Dwayne has created Vertex Fitness PUMPED (People United Making Progress through Education and Donations), which provides support to area non-profits through a community-wide outreach effort. At this time, they help three non-profits per year in the Philadelphia area. For more information from Dwayne, you may contact him at (610) 525-6604, dwayne@vertexfit.com, or visit www.FitnessLeadersAlliance.com.
The MedX Lumbar Extension Machine has been extensively researched and studied at the University of Florida. Tests show remarkable increases in lasting strength with the use of this equipment. In fact, recently published scientific research dramatically validates the efficacy of MedX rehabilitation of chronic low back pain. A study published in the January 1999 edition of the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation showed that 35 or 38 patients recommended for spinal surgery were able to forego the surgery following 21 MedX sessions over a 10 to 12-week span. Although the study does not prove that increased strength prevents surgery, it does suggest that certain people can avoid surgery with proper spinal exercise therapy.
No More “Sanctuary Cities”!: This is about the dumbest idea ever conceived. And it is clearly a blatant violation of Article 4, section 4 of the Constitution of the United States, where every state is guaranteed a republican form of government and protection against invasion and domestic violence. So, no Mayor or City Council has the authority to declare their city a “sanctuary” for illegal aliens who are in violation of Federal immigration laws.
I came to PDR after learning I had, at 43, major degeneration in 3 areas of my back, 2 bulging discs, 1 torn and arthritis…at MY age? I thought…I don’t want to do surgery, wasn’t an option, cortisone was, but I didn’t want to go there either, so I turned to PDR, where I learned new techniques and core strengthening exercises that helped improve my pain and help me live my life to it’s fullest! Thank you everyone!!
Jones has been involved with at least half a dozen racist groups stretching back to the 1970s, according to the Anti-Defamation League, which has a page devoted to Jones on its website. From 2008 and 2011, Jones was known to have participated in events celebrating the birthday of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, the ADL page states. He was also among those who protested the 2009 opening of the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center in Skokie, Ill., according to Haaretz.
Exercising at MedX of Estes provides an opportunity for every member to have a personalized exercise prescription designed for them and opportunities for supervision every time they come in to work out. Exercise prescriptions are designed to help individuals reach health and fitness goals with emphasis on strength, aerobic and flexibility components.
We create a culture of health in which everyone is trusted and respected for the expertise they bring, where openness and experimentation is the norm, people have personal ownership of health, individual stories have a global impact, and the patient voice and choice is part of all stakeholder decisions. We call our way of seeing each other and the health care world, Everyone Included™.

Because we offer individualized exercise programs, a comfortable & caring atmosphere, one on one patient focused sessions, free 15-minute consultations, 45-minute treatment sessions, private treatment rooms, a full fitness facility and a one-month free membership to MedX Fitness Facility upon discharge from physical therapy to help patient transition to an independent exercise program.
Cindy and I found Greg easy to deal with. He was quick to respond to our questions and concerns befo...re our purchase. He went over and above. He installed our low back machine for us, showed us how to use it, gave us some helpful suggestions on our existing equipment AND, even helped us move a machine we wanted to move in another room. We will definitely use him again! Thank you Greg! See More
Physical Therapy at MedX incorporates the entire body during a person’s therapy session. MedX believes that a comprehensive approach to therapy includes opportunity to exercise the healthy parts of your body while rehabbing the injured part that is requiring physical therapy from one of MedX’s physical therapists. You receive free fitness membership during physical therapy and a complimentary month after therapy is completed for most patients.
Only the Core Lumbar Strength features a patented and effective pelvic restraint system that keeps gluteus and hamstring muscles from interfering with the targeted spinal exercise area. This provides isolation of the lumbar spine muscles, increases stability and allows for specific, intensive strengthening in one of the body's most vital and vulnerable areas. Regular use of The Core Lumbar Strength may help prevent injuries, remedy chronic back pain, and contribute to disc hydration.
Dr. Friedman joined PDR in 2012. Prior to joining PDR she worked at Sister Kenny Rehabilitation Institute in their inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation centers. She earned her medical degree from Sackler School of Medicine in Tel Aviv, Israel in 2007; and completed her residency in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Nassau University Medical Center in East Meadow, NY in 2011. earned her medical degree from the Sackler School of Medicine in Tel Aviv, Israel and completed her residency at Nassau University Medical Center. Dr. Friedman is board certified in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and has interests in musculoskeletal rehabilitation, healthy living promotion, and preventative medicine. Dr. Friedman is a member of the American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.

Jones also promotes white nationalism. His website has a page called “Flags of Conflict,” where he calls the Confederate flag a “symbol of White pride and White resistance.” Next to a photo of the Mexican flag, the site says  “This is the flag of Mexico. This is a nation whose leaders believe they can reconquer the American Southwest, by flooding our country with millions of illegal aliens. And, their plan is working.” Text next to an LGBT rainbow flag says, “This is a flag that represents an attack on traditional Christian morality and religious freedom.”

Cindy and I found Greg easy to deal with. He was quick to respond to our questions and concerns befo...re our purchase. He went over and above. He installed our low back machine for us, showed us how to use it, gave us some helpful suggestions on our existing equipment AND, even helped us move a machine we wanted to move in another room. We will definitely use him again! Thank you Greg! See More
Biomechanically precise trains the flexion and extension muscles of the neck for improved range of motion, stretches and strengthens the cervical spinal muscles for decompression of the upper spine while promoting increased omni-directional strength and flexibility of entire neck. Based on the superior biotechnology of the MedX Medical Neck Extension machine used in spinal rehabilitation facilities around the world.

Amber is starting a family in October 2018. In her spare time, she enjoys spending time with family and friends, dancing, physical fitness, lake life, fishing, and loves the opportunity for a new adventure. She is excited to begin her career as a Physical Therapist Assistant at RehabAuthority. She truly enjoys working with orthopedic injuries and is excited to grow as a clinician with help from her colleagues.

Hanson called the police as a precaution, though it turned out to be fairly uneventful: “He came into my backyard. I wasn’t allowing it. He called me a coward because I wouldn’t debate the Holocaust.” Hanson told Jones to leave, and added, referring to the American flag hat Jones was wearing that day, “I told him he didn’t deserve to wear a hat with the flag on it.” Upon departing, Jones left some literature with Hanson, which Hanson gently described as “kooky stuff” about how women shouldn’t play in the NFL.

In what Eldon likes to call his “other life,” he has been a professional musician and singer-songwriter for many years, though he has scaled this back significantly since opening the first Midwest RehabAuthority clinic in 2011. He was a national finalist in the 2007/2008 Colgate Country Showdown, and placed 2nd out of 50,000 contestants across the nation, performing at the world-famous Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, TN. He also works as the Contemporary Music Coordinator at his church. Eldon enjoys exercising and watching/playing sports of all kinds, with a special love for football. He is married to his beautiful soul mate, Amy, with whom he has two children, Isaac and Clara Jean, as well as one step-son, Jacob.
Photobiomodulation exposes the cells of the body to light, and particular wavelengths of light are able to produce photo-chemical reactions, stimulating the cells of the body into producing more energy. This increase in energy levels allows the cells to work more effectively in properly balancing the cellular components, so that the cells can function properly. The laser light functions as biochemical energy and improves the efficiency of the body’s healing capabilities. The result is that the body is able to heal itself in a shorter period of time. 
Some of the unique healing effects of MedX PBM include: increased cell metabolism, improved localized blood circulation, development of collagen and muscle tissue, relief from acute and chronic pain, reduced localized inflammation and edema, stimulation of the immune system and stimulation of nerve function.
Over the last 15 years, the Universities of Florida and San Diego, along with various orthopedic clinics around the world, have published some of the most compelling research to date. This research shows that specific spinal strengthening exercises using the Med-X Lumbar and Cervical Extension Machines help people get better, even after multiple failed attempts at other forms of treatment. With more than 75 published articles in peer-reviewed journals, the proof lies in both the research and the testimonials of thousands of people around the world.
Jamie, born and raised in South Dakota, migrated to Kansas City to complete his Masters in Physical Therapy, graduating in 2002. After therapy school, professional interest and opportunity led him to the west coast of California where he started his Physical Therapy career and developed his knowledge in outpatient Physical Therapy. He and his family resided in the Treasure Valley since 2011.As a clinician at Modern Rehab, Jamie prides himself on delivering evidence based manual techniques with functional based individualized exercise programs. He has a broad therapy experience and expertise that spans from infants to the geriatric patient population. Attending yearly continuing education courses is vital in the process of evolving as a physical therapist. Jamie’s goal is to not only provide top-quality therapy service designed to help his patients achieve the highest level of activity and function, but to ultimately empower his patient’s through comprehensive education to prevent re-injury. In addition to providing top quality therapy Jamie enjoys spending time with his wife and children. He loves sports, especially basketball, football and fishing. Virtually any free time he has is devoted to remaining active in the community, his family and any outdoor activity. Currently he is in training for the ultimate race… the race of life!
In the medical billing and receivable management industry, experience pays, literally.   Medx Medical Billing Service, Inc. has been maximizing the collections of our clients for more than 20 years from the same location in Long Beach, California.  We know that the physician practice is our greatest asset, so we work closely with physicians and their staff to ensure continuity of work flow.  We are proud that our physician clients serve as our best referral sources.  Our combination of experienced and stable staff, knowledge of the health care industry, state of the art technology and close relationships with each practice have contributed to our successful results.  We refer to this as the Medx Approach.  With a staff of more than 30 employees, stability is a strong point of Medx.  We offer our employees full benefits and a good working environment.   This contributes to employee retention and ensures continuity of service to our clients...
The foundation of our rehabilitation is the MedX medical spinal testing and rehabilitation machines. Rehabilitation providers around the world have experienced amazing results using the MedX lumbar and cervical extension machines. Medical evidence shows that 80% of chronic spinal pain is due to muscle weakness, which increases as damage to the spine worsens. Weakness of the spine can lead to many conditions such as herniated discs, facet syndrome, and degenerative joint disease. A strong healthy spine provides a strong foundation which helps prevent spinal compression and allows you to perform your normal daily activities and demands of employment pain free.
Serving the foreign healthcare marketplace, Med-X Global manages our international clients emergency medical claims processing, claims payment and revenue generation. Utilizing proprietary revenue cycle software, our Company efficiently administers our foreign clients entire revenue cycle process relating to emergency medical claims. This includes everything from determining patient eligibility, collecting co-pays, language translation, coding claims correctly, tracking claims, and collecting payments as well as follow-up on denied claims.
Amber attended Northland Community and Technical College earning a seat in their Physical Therapy Assistant program. She received her Associates of Applied Science degree in 2018 graduating with honors. She was also presented with PTA student of the year and was her class representative that was nominated by the American Physical Therapy Association to be the Head Usher at the House of Delegates in 2017, Boston MA.
Jones didn’t respond to a request for comment from Splinter about whether he’ll hold any actual campaign events. Hanson, meanwhile, is still pressuring the Illinois Republican Party to consider publicizing the fact that people shouldn’t vote for him. “They said they’re not going to be participating in this race,” he said. “I’ve asked them point blank if they’d be investing resources, whether it was money or people or mailers, to let voters know they shouldn’t vote for Jones, and they said ‘No, not at this time.’ I think they’re writing this district off as a lost cause.”
Super Stretch. Enhance your core flexibility with the super stretch system, providing a patented seven-stretch routine that helps to improve knee, spine, hip, elbow, shoulder and wrist movement in addition to promoting hamstring flexibility. As well, you can improve spinal decompression with the hanging stretch, placing you in the optimal position for active stretching.
Stanford Medicine X is a multifaceted program that represents a new way of solving health care’s most pressing problems. Sown in the fertile soil of Stanford University’s rich academic resources; germinated at the grassroots level by passionate, imaginative people; nurtured in the high-energy, risk-taking environment of Silicon Valley, Medicine X is an innovative way of re-imagining digital health, medical education, clinical research, new health care venture formation, and more.
This is not a good look for the Illinois Republican Party. It’s evidently too late for party officials to do anything except ask Jones to drop out, which he’s unlikely to do. “There is no room for Neo Nazis in American politics,” Gov. Bruce Rauner said Monday. Except there will be room for Jones on the GOP ballot. More bad news: The deadline passed for a primary election write-in candidate to register, though there is an opportunity for someone to run as a write-in or independent for the Nov. 6 general election. As for what to do in the primary, we hope Republican voters in the 3rd district are aware that Jones is a cretin and do not support him. The closer to zero votes he gets, the better.
The foundation of our rehabilitation is the MedX medical spinal testing and rehabilitation machines. Rehabilitation providers around the world have experienced amazing results using the MedX lumbar and cervical extension machines. Medical evidence shows that 80% of chronic spinal pain is due to muscle weakness, which increases as damage to the spine worsens. Weakness of the spine can lead to many conditions such as herniated discs, facet syndrome, and degenerative joint disease. A strong healthy spine provides a strong foundation which helps prevent spinal compression and allows you to perform your normal daily activities and demands of employment pain free.
Patients are able to test and train on this equipment with the joints isolated and surrounding musculature in biomechanically correct positions and at speeds that replicate function. This technologically advanced system also permits the earliest possible post-operative intervention to decrease joint effusion (increase fluid), increase range of motion, and develop strength.

For almost 30 years, I was misdiagnosed by doctors. I was told to prepare for my life as a disabled person. I couldn’t give up, so I went in search of answers on my own. It was a blessing when I found PDR. The doctors and staff found what was wrong in one visit. Two years later I am living a normal life. This has been a second chance I never thought I would have. Today I am 95% pain free and loving life again. I can never thank all of you enough.


We create a culture of health in which everyone is trusted and respected for the expertise they bring, where openness and experimentation is the norm, people have personal ownership of health, individual stories have a global impact, and the patient voice and choice is part of all stakeholder decisions. We call our way of seeing each other and the health care world, Everyone Included™.
“The idea that ‘Six Million Jews’ were killed by the National Socialist government of Germany, in World War II, is the biggest, blackest lie in history. Other than a few Professional Concentration Camp Survivors, such as the late Simon Wiesenthal or the current Semitic super star Elie Wiesel, there is no proof such a so-called ‘Holocaust’ ever took place anywhere in Europe, against the Jews.”
Following a full musculoskeletal assessment the physiotherapist will recommend an isometric spinal strength test, if appropriate. The spinal strength test involves being seated in the medical lumbar machine and having the lower half of your body immobilised by a pelvic and leg restraint mechanism. Restraining your lower body is one of the keys to the effectiveness of isolating the lumbar extensors so that they can be accurately strength tested and exercised.

Manual wheelchairs come in many different varieties depending upon the user’s needs. There are standard folding chairs, sport wheelchairs, lightweight chairs, heavy duty chairs, reclining chairs, and transport chairs. A standard folding wheelchair is a good choice if you tire easily and can’t walk as far as you used to or are unable to walk but would like the option of arm propelling. These chairs have options such as desk vs. full arm styles, footrests vs. elevating leg rests, and seat height adjustment on some models.
The low back muscles are usually under-developed after a back injury. Even people with no back pain can have a weak back, since those muscles aren't used during normal activity or exercise. The MedX isolates, evaluates, and strengthens the lumbar extensors like no other equipment or exercise can. Using MedX as little as once a week, many people double their lower back strength in just 10 weeks. With JMP and MedX you can say goodbye to back pain for good! Call us today for a free consultation to see if MedX is for you!
Amber Richards is a Physical Therapist Assistant at RehabAuthority Physical Therapy. She grew up in Moorhead, MN where she developed a strong passion assisting and comforting individuals through various changes in their lives. After high school, Amber attended Massage Therapy school at The Salon Professional Academy in 2010.  Since then she has opened her own independent massage therapy practice and currently has seven years of massage experience.  Physical therapy opened a whole new world of curiosity to continue her education and to better help herself and her patients.
Arthur Jones, a former leader of the American Nazi Party, ran uncontested to be the Republican candidate in the Chicago-area district. His campaign website includes a section titled "Holocaust?" Jones has been involved with anti-Semitic and racist groups since the 1970s, according to the Anti-Defamation League, though he told CNN's Alisyn Camerota earlier this year that he is no longer formally involved with the Nazi party.
Over and over, independent research published in peer-reviewed health and fitness journals prove that MedX technology makes meaningful differences in the lives of people who suffer from spine-related pain issues. Even one Lumbar Extension training session every week is enough to produce measurable gains in strength and reductions in low back pain, according to an article published in the journal, Ergonomics.
By 1984, approximately 4,700 Nautilus Fitness Centers covered the United States. Complete lines of the equipment were the choice in physical rehabilitation centers, professional sports teams training rooms, colleges, high schools, and private facilities, despite the belief of a large majority of weight-training experts that traditional training with free weights produced superior results.
ZERO STARS!  MEDX turned us over for collection without ever sending us a single billing statement, letter requesting payment, or attempting to contact us, even though we had insurance. When we were contacted several years after our daughter's leukemia treatment by the collection agency MEDX uses, we repeatedly asked for documentation such as date & description of service, provider identity, billing statements and nothing was ever provided. 4 years later an almost $2000 lien shows up on our credit report. All efforts to obtain supporting information--even the name of the doctor/provider  have been unsuccessful, and we were told by the Vice President that we could either pay half the bill, or they will let it stay on our credit report.
In the medical billing and receivable management industry, experience pays, literally.   Medx Medical Billing Service, Inc. has been maximizing the collections of our clients for more than 20 years from the same location in Long Beach, California.  We know that the physician practice is our greatest asset, so we work closely with physicians and their staff to ensure continuity of work flow.  We are proud that our physician clients serve as our best referral sources.  Our combination of experienced and stable staff, knowledge of the health care industry, state of the art technology and close relationships with each practice have contributed to our successful results.  We refer to this as the Medx Approach.  With a staff of more than 30 employees, stability is a strong point of Medx.  We offer our employees full benefits and a good working environment.   This contributes to employee retention and ensures continuity of service to our clients...

ZERO STARS!  MEDX turned us over for collection without ever sending us a single billing statement, letter requesting payment, or attempting to contact us, even though we had insurance. When we were contacted several years after our daughter's leukemia treatment by the collection agency MEDX uses, we repeatedly asked for documentation such as date & description of service, provider identity, billing statements and nothing was ever provided. 4 years later an almost $2000 lien shows up on our credit report. All efforts to obtain supporting information--even the name of the doctor/provider  have been unsuccessful, and we were told by the Vice President that we could either pay half the bill, or they will let it stay on our credit report.

"I've been broke more times than I care to count and I still made the Forbes Fortune list of the 400 richest by the mid-1980s. When I sold Nautilus Sports/Medical Industries in 1986, I owned a large farm located north of Ocala, Florida. The 350 acres of prime real estate housed the largest privately owned airport. including three Boeing 707 airliners and the largest exclusively owned collection of exotic wild animals. My menagerie consisted of 100 African Elephants, 4,000 crocodilians, three albino rhinos and Micky, my 400 pound pet gorilla."


This is Emily Deal, office manager of Mobile Medical Solutions/Family Wellness Associates, office of Susan Thompson APRN-CNP and Dr. Richard Zielinski. Just wanted to let you all in on a new program that we have been using to safely exchange patient data called MEDX. It is encrypted and HIPAA-Compliant, super fast and easy to use. You can send pics, docs, videos, messages, group messages, etc. For those businesses that use PACS, they have a great program on there for you, which would mean no more mailing CDs of X-rays to those whom use MEDX. We have been working with Michael Parikh who has been great, and has shown us how easy and accessible it is to use from our iPhones.
The patented Core 4-Way Neck is a bio-mechanically precise 4-way neck machine that trains the flexion and extension muscles of the neck to allow for improved range of motion. It both stretches and strengthens the cervical spinal muscles. This allows for decompression of the upper spine and promotes increased omni-directional strength and flexibility of the entire neck. The Core 4-Way Neck is based on the superior bio-technology of the MedX Medical Neck Extension machine now being used in spinal rehabilitation facilities around the world.

By 1984, approximately 4,700 Nautilus Fitness Centers covered the United States. Complete lines of the equipment were the choice in physical rehabilitation centers, professional sports teams training rooms, colleges, high schools, and private facilities, despite the belief of a large majority of weight-training experts that traditional training with free weights produced superior results.
"Within my life, I've accomplished 50 things; any one of which others would give anything to have done once. I've been the length of the Congo, Nile and Amazon. I've captured adult crocodiles and African elephants. I've invented a camera mount so steady you can use it from a helicopter flying in a whirlwind, and the picture will be in focus. I've run a jeep into a tree at 60 miles per hour. I've been bitten by poisonous snakes 24 times, and hundreds of times by non-poisonous snakes. I've survived a couple of plane crashes, that weren't my fault, was chewed up by a lion and a myriad of other cats, was shot six times, axed once and stabbed on occasion. I've killed at least 600 elephants and 73 men and I'm more sorry for the elephants!"
MedX applied the knowledge gained from its medical machines to the design of a full line of exercise-only machines. These machines incorporated MedX’s patented compound weight stack which produces less friction and enables several hundred levels of available resistance in increments of 2ft-lbs. This feature reduces user strain and, for the first time, made it possible for individuals to select the exact level of resistance required regardless of their strength.
For efficient therapy 12-18 sessions - one or two per week - will be necessary. In 87% of all patients a significant pain reduction or even elimination could be obtained. About 96% of the patients treated in Munich stated, that they were satisfied with the therapy, subjective pain reduction was on average 57%. Even after 12 to 24 months after the therapy the attained pain reduction and strengthening effects were fully maintained. Compared to efficiency of conventional therapy in chronic back pain patients, these results are very promising.
In the upcoming midterm elections, voters in Illinois’ 3rd Congressional District will have the choice of Dan Lipinski, the Democratic incumbent, or Republican candidate Art Jones, a white supremacist Holocaust denier who, by way of self-endorsement, claims he hasn’t been a card-carrying member of any Nazi groups since 1980. If voters find that choice unappealing, there’s also Justin Hanson, a young lawyer who’s mounted a write-in candidacy as an independent based on the premise that nobody should vote for a Nazi.
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